EIQ Explained: the Original Paper

The original paper introducing and describing the EIQ was written by members of the NYS Integrated Pest Management Program (NYSIPM) in 1992.

Kovach, J., Petzoldt, C., Degni, J., and Tette, J. 1992. A Method to Measure the Environmental Impact of Pesticides. New York’s Food and Life Sciences Bulletin 139:1–8.