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Host plants

Leek moth (LM) is a serious pest of members of the Allium family which includes onions, garlic, leeks, chives and shallots. There are about 600 cultivated and wild species of Allium in the United States as potential hosts.

garlic
Garlic. Photo: Amy Ivy, Cornell University.

 

leeks
Leeks. Photo: Amy Ivy, Cornell University.
onions
Onions. Photo: Amy Ivy, Cornell University.
shallots
Shallots. Photo: Amy Ivy, Cornell University.

Distribution and history

Leek moth (LM) is native to Europe and is now found in Russia, Japan, Algeria and in Ontario and Quebec, Canada. It was first found in Ontario in 1993.

The first confirmed sighting of leek moth in the continental United States was in Plattsburgh, NY (Clinton County) during the summer of 2009. The following year it reappeared in the same sites as well as additional sites north of Plattsburgh.

It was confirmed for the first time in the Canton/Ogdensburg (St. Lawrence County) area of NY in 2010. There is speculation from growers there that it may have occurred in years prior, but was not confirmed.

In 2011 the same sites were infested again as well as a few new nearby sites.

Leek Moth presence in North America
Leek Moth presence in northeastern United States as of November 2018. Click for larger image.