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The New York State Integrated Pest Management Program is funded through Cornell University, Cornell Cooperative Extension, and the New York State Departments of Agriculture and Markets, Environmental Conservation, Health, and Education.

USDA-NIFA logo In addition, this work is supported by Crop Protection and Pest Management -Extension Implementation Program Area grant no. 2017-70006-27142/project accession no. 1014000, from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture.

Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.