What is Community Integrated Pest Management?
Successfully controlling insects, diseases, weeds, and rodents in
- Public Areas
Just what is Integrated Pest Management?
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is the application of an interconnected set of methods for managing pests, including pest prevention techniques, pest monitoring methods, biological controls, pest attractants and repellents, biopesticides, and pesticides.
Community IPM is people-related. It includes managing pests in yards, homes, schools, industrial workplaces, downtown office buildings, and wherever pests that affect public health are found. It also applies to pests of park and recreational areas, some of which lie outside densely populated areas.
Although pesticide use is not eliminated in community pest management, measures other than pesticides are implemented first. When pesticides are needed, IPM seeks to use natural or biological substances or those that are the least toxic to humans and other nontarget organisms.
IPM focuses on long-term prevention or suppression of pest problems with minimum impact on human health and the environment.
Is it something I can use at home?
Community integrated pest management is successfully practiced today in a variety of settings by people ranging from pest control and landscape professionals to home gardeners to office complex workers. The adoption of community IPM practices is on the rise as pests become resistant to pesticides, environmental awareness increases, and research unearths effective and economical alternatives to pesticides.
Tell me more. Who uses it?
Many school districts in New York State have initiated pest management policies that curtail the use of pesticides and stress the adoption of IPM methods. IPM practices in schools can be instituted in classrooms, on playing fields, in cafeterias, and in grounds maintenance departments. Effective IPM measures are often undertaken in conjunction with professional pest control operators working on a contract basis.
Local governments use IPM practices to reduce pesticide use in parks, office buildings, recreational areas, and on public property. Several towns and villages have restricted, and in some cases eliminated, the use of pesticides through local ordinances.
Utilities have implemented IPM strategies in office buildings, the grounds around office buildings, and on rights-of-way.
New York State Facilities and Institutions...
Many counties, towns, and villages, as well as New York State, are dealing with problems related to pesticide use. Some have restricted or eliminated the use of pesticides in favor of IPM practices. The list of facilities and institutions affected by reduced pesticide use regulations includes parks, golf courses and recreational areas, hospitals, group homes, the SUNY system, office buildings, highway rights-of-way, museums, housing projects, court buildings, waterways and watersheds, and correctional facilities.
Approximately 26 million households applied a pesticide during 1992. Homeowners and apartment-dwellers can use IPM practices indoors to battle kitchen, bath, fabric, and wood pests. Outdoors, IPM practices reduce pesticide reliance in lawns and gardens. In addition, IPM practices can be used to reduce damage by deer and other vertebrates.
Business and Industry...
IPM practices are becoming more common among manufacturing facilities, retailers, banks, office complexes, hotels, motels, warehouses, restaurants, food producers, and others doing business in New York. IPM practices in these organizations can be used to reduce pesticide use for structural, public health, and outdoor pests.
For more information regarding IPM for facilities, institutions, and homes, contact your local Cornell Cooperative Extension office, listed in the telephone book under either "Cornell Cooperative Extension" or the name of your county.